Chapter – 12 Performing Arts: Music, Dance & Drama: Present Scenario of the Performing Arts and Art Forms and the Development of Human Personality (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Drama is an art form which has a long historical background in India but its analytical review and grammatical study was presented by Bharata in Natyashastra.

  • In this text, it has been mentioned that music and dance are essential parts of drama.
  • Ramayana, Mahabharata and the plays, written by Kalidasa, Bana Bhatta and Bhasa are examples of the combination of all the three art forms
    • Music
    • Dance
    • Drama
  • Some of the popular dramas are define below:
Some Important Writers and Dramas

Present Scenario of the Performing Arts

  • Presently, all the art forms i.e.. dance; music and drama are flourished in the country. Several music institutions like Gandharva Mahavidhyalaya and Prayag Sangeet Samiti have imparting training in classical music and dance for more than fifty years.
  • A number of schools, colleges and universities in India have adopted these art forms as a part of their curriculum.
  • Indira Kala Sangeet of Drama, Bhartiya Kala Kendra and many institutes are all propagating music in their own ways.
  • Societies like Spic-macay, Sangeet Natak Academies are also working hard to protect, develop and popularise Indian music, dance and drama at the national and even international level.
  • At the international level musicians have made significant contribution. Different institutions of music started by Pt. Ravi Shankar, Ustad Ali Khan and Ustad Alla Rakkha Khan teach Indian music to foreigners.
  • Many foreign universities have departments of Indian performing arts and they award degreed and diplomas to students.
  • All over the world Indian artists are invited to perform and participate in various festivals.
  • Various agencies like Indian Council of Cultural Relations (ICCR) and the Ministry of Human Resource Development continuously propagate all these art forms by giving grants, scholarships and fellowships to renewed artists as well as to young artists and by arranging exchange programmes in the field of Indian music, dance and drama.

Art Forms and the Development of Human Personality

  • The association of People with these art forms definitely makes them better human beings as the very nature of music, dance and drama elevates human soul and creates a pleasant atmosphere.
  • The knowledge and practice of these art forms help in the development of one՚s personality.
  • The people involves in these art forms can attain balance and peace of mind, self-restraint and love for all.
  • Their performance makes then self-confident and capable of adapting to all circumstances.
  • Negative feelings vanish as the soul of music, dance and drama teaches us all about loving and caring.

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