Indian Culture: Scientists of Modern India: C. V. Raman, Dr. Homi J. Bhabha and Dr. Vikram Sarabhai (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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  • Modern India scientific thought developed by the contributions of scientists such as Sir C. V. Raman, Dr. Homi J. Bhabha (father of nuclear physics) , Dr. J. C. Bose (field of plant physiology) , Dr. Vikram Sarabhai (field of atomic energy and industrialization) , Dr. Abdul Kalam (field of defence technology) .
  • Srinivasa Iyengar Ramanujan (1887 - 1920) was one of India՚s greatest mathematicians. His three famous research note books are called Ramanujan՚s Frayed Notebooks . In 1911 he published a research paper on Bernoulli Numbers in the ‘Journal of Indian Mathematical Society’ which got him recognition. He worked with G. H. Hardy and J. E. Littlewood and published many research papers in London. He was the first Indian to be elected ‘Fellow of the Royal Society of London’ and first Indian to be elected ‘Fellow of Trinity College’ .
C. V. Raman
  • Chandrasekhara V. Raman (1888 - 1970) known as C. V. Raman was a great scientist and first Asian who won Nobel Prize for Physics in 1930. He was popularly known as Child Genius. For his love for science and joined the Science College of Calcutta University as a professor of Physics and sacrificed his post of Assistant Accountant General in Calcutta Finance Department. In 1924 he was made Fellow of the Royal Society. He was the one who prepared a paper on Molecular Scattering of Light due to which colour of the sea remains blue.
  • Raman Effect- It proved that light is made up of particles known as photos . When a beam of monochromatic (having single colour) light passes through a transparent substance, it scatters. This phenomenon is called Raman Effect. He studied the broken light and found two lines of low intensity parallel to the incident monochromatic light.
  • Jagdish Chandra Bose (1858 - 1937) was a scientist who wanted to recover the fame that India enjoyed all over the world in ancient times. An apparatus to study the properties of electric waves was made by him. He was the first Indian Scientist in Physics who was made a KNIGHT in 1917 for his paper on “The electromagnetic Radiation and Polarization of Electric Ray” and the Follow of “Royal Society of London” in 1920. He was the inventor of Crescograph and proved that plants have a circulatory system too . He was the first to invent a wireless coherer (radio signal detector and an instrument for indicating the refraction of electric waves) .
Homi J. Bhabha

Homi Jehangir Bhabha (1920 - 1966) was a great scientist who led India into Atomic Age . He is the father of Indian Nuclear Science . He joined Indian Institute of Sciences at Bangalore as a Reader and soon became a Professor of Physics. Later, he wrote a letter to Sir Dorab Ji Tata to establish India՚s very own Nuclear Power Institution. Resulting Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) was started in 1945 at Dr. Bhabha՚s ancestral home. Under his guidance, India՚s first atomic reactor was established. He was the first Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission setup in 1948. He was honoured with PADMA BHUSHAN by Government of India.

Dr. V. A. Sarabhai

DR. Vikram Ambala sarabhai (1919 - 1970) was the man behind the launching of India՚s first Satellite ‘Aryabhatta’ . It was his studies who made it clear that cosmic rays are a stream of energy particles coming from the outerspace. He was also a great Industrialist. Sarabhai Chemicals, Sarabhai Glass , Sarabhai Geigy Ltd, Sarabhai Merck Ltd and many other industries were founded by him . He starred manufacturing military hardware and producing antibiotics and penicillin in India which were earlier being imported from abroad. Indian Institute of Management (IIMS) was also established by him. He was the chairman of Indian National Commission for Space Research (INCOSPAR) and of the Atomic Energy Commission. He was awarded with Padma Bhushan in 1966 and Padma Vibhushan posthumously .

Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

DR. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam was born on 15 October 1931 in Tamil Nadu . He was the eleventh president of India. He was awarded with India՚s highest civilian honour Bharat Ratna in 1997 for his contributions in the field of Science and Engineering. He served in Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) from 1963 to 1982. He developed the Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV3) which put the satellite ROHINI into Orbit . Prithvi, Trishul, Akash, Nag and Agni were five projects of defence services developed by him . He was the one who led India into era of Self Dependence. He is a symbol of the true spirit of India and has integrated religion with philosophy. He did not acquired any worldly belongings such as family etc but has contributed to the country like no other.

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