Chapter 8 – Religion and Philosophy in Ancient India: Main Characters of Buddha Philosophy

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  • Gautama Buddha, who founded the Buddhist philosophy, was born in 563 BC at Lumbini, a village near Kapilavastu in the foothills of Nepal.

  • His childhood name was Siddhartha. His mother, Mayadevi, died when he was hardly a few days old.

  • He was married to Yashodhara, a beautiful princess, at the age of sixteen.

  • After a year of the marriage, he has a son, whom they maned Rahul. But at the age of twenty-nine, Gautama Buddha renounced family life to find a solution to the world’s continuous sorrow of death, sickness, poverty, etc.

  • He then travelled a lot to spread his message and helped people find the path of liberation or freedom.

  • Gautama’s three main disciplines known as Upali, Ananda and Mahakashyap remembered his teachings and passed them on to his followers.

  • Main Characters of Buddha Philosophy

    • Buddha presented simple principles of life and practical ethics that people could follow easily.

    • He considered the world as full of misery. Man’s duty is to seek liberation from this painful world.

    • He strongly criticised blind faith in the traditional scriptures like the Vedas.

    • Buddha’s teachings are very practical and suggest how to attain peace of mind and ultimate liberation from this material world.

Image of four noble truths of Buddha philosophy

Image of Four Noble Truths of Buddha Philosophy

Image of four noble truths of Buddha philosophy

  • When Buddha saw human beings suffering from sickness, pain and death, he concluded that there was definitely suffering in human life.

  • There is pain with birth Separation from the pleasant is also painful. All the passions that remain unfulfilled are painful.

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