History and Appreciation of Art (from 3000 BC to 600 AD): Introduction

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Introduction

  • From (2500 BC-1750 BC) to (Third century B.C.) there was a development in art and crafts. We can see extremely skilled Artists during the Harappan period. Sculpted pillars during the Ashokan period are a treasure of Indian art.

  • We got the great sculptures of Sanchi and Stupa in the state of Madhya Pradesh when the Sunga’s came to power, after the Maurya’s.

  • The golden period in Indian Art History was during the Gupta period. We can clearly see the blending of the style, perfect balance, mastery, skills, and imagination in the Gupta sculptures. Mathura, Sarnath, Ujjain, Ahichhatra and others were the most important art centers during the Gupta period.

  • During this period, we can see the famous paintings of Ajanta. Cave and Temple architectures are new developments in art.

The Following Topics Is We Are Going To Learn In This Notes:

Types of Topics

Types of Topics

Dancing Girl

Dancing Girl

Dancing Girl

  • The technical skill of Indus Valley craftsmen is represented by dancing girls, which are made of metal, with metal casting and artistic refining techniques. We can find that people like tribes of modern days in Rajasthan and Gujarat, she has worn bangles in her left hand almost near to her shoulder.

  • The dancing girl have a queer and elaborate hair style that should also be noticed, and her hair is also bundled into a bun. A contemporary style was shown by the dancing girl. She has a curious posture like standing with her left hand on her left thigh and right hand at her waist.

Black Princess

Black Princess

Black Princess

  • The caves of Ajanta are situated near Aurangabad district in Maharashtra. The caves of Ajanta got named after the village Ajintha. The Hinayana phase (where Lord Buddha is represented in symbols) and the second, the Mahayana phase (where he is shown in human form) are the Ajanta paintings which are done in two phrases.

  • During the Vakataka Period most of the Ajanta paintings were done. In the history of Indian painting Ajanta painting occupies a unique position. Also, black princess pne of the Ajanta painting.

Rampurva Bull Capital

Rampurva Bull Capital

Rampurva Bull Capital

  • On pillars, rock surfaces and tablets Emperor Ashoka has engraved the teaching of lord Buddha. Almost every region of India Ashoka pillar is found but except extreme southern regions. A base, an elongated shaft, and the decorated crown of the pillar, called the Capital are the three parts of his pillar.

  • Among the Ashokan capital Bull capital is one of the famous capitals. Abacus is situated between the animals and the lotus. It is a thick disc kind of structure. Over the lotus and abacus, the figure of the bull is dominated. There is an extreme polished quality which is a unique feature of this bull.

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