Folk Art of India: Local Artists and Craftsmen, Kantha Stitching (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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A pre-Aryan culture was inherited by India which is reflected in the folk art. Throughout Indian traditional life different religions, sects and beliefs have coexisted. A very important thing in the life of folk artists are Tantra, Shakti, Vaishnav, and Buddhist.

Local Artists and Craftsmen

Local Artists and Craftsmen

There are many kinds of ritualistic folk art are,

  • Pichuai
  • Alpana
  • Patachitra
  • Kolam

There is some of the Typical utilitarian folk art among that some are given below:

  • Decorative wood carving
  • Embroidery
  • Basket work
  • Earthenware

Without any formal training folk art is made by rural artists of these designs are repeated by generation after generation.

  • An individualistic type of folk art was created by folk artists. Within the old format a new style is developed by the folk artist.
  • These are found in Kalighat Patachitra, Madhubani painting and Kantha design.
Local Artists and Craftsmen

Kantha Stitching

  • Kantha is Bengal՚s delightful folk tradition of embroidery and quilting. From discarded sarees and dhoti՚s Kanthas are made. To make it thicken these sewn together. Women of all classes in Bengal make Kantha, particularly old women.
  • From the border of old sarees during the spare time they sew these Kanthas by colored threads. The surface is made with various designs and these are stitched along the border line.

The below things were all quilted and embroidered for mirror and Jewellery:

  • Bags
  • Quilts
  • Wedding mats
  • Wraps

The enlisted Kantha is a saree. In a typical traditional style and technique, the saree is stitched. In forms of animals and human figures the motifs are stylized. The base pink shade of the saree is done in chain stitch with different hued strings like white, green, purple, red, earthy colored, yellow, dark and dark and with an umbrella in hand the king is sitting on a horse in the figure. On these motifs it clearly influences the Kalighat Patachitra.


All over the world the most popular forms of art in any culture is floor decoration.

These are found in every part of India in medium like:

  • Rangoli
  • Alpana
  • Sanjhi
  • Kolam

In the cultural and religious festivals of South India the most important part is Kolam. In front of the houses during Pongal and other festivals this decorative art is done. By sprinkling water, the floor should be wet.

  • The floor ought to be wet or soggy by sprinkling water on it. The hands continue moving while the rice powder is scoured to discharge on the floor along the foreordained structure. It is essential to proceed with the drawing to the extent that this would be possible immediately.
  • This familiarity of line is accomplished by the craftsman just as a matter of fact. Little youngsters take in this from their mom and grandma. Other than the representative estimation of these themes, it communicates an extremely intriguing importance of life too.


  • Phulkari really signifies “flowered work” . In Punjab folk women use this term for a type of embroidery practice. The weaving is worked in floss-silk upon the coarse cotton material in a darning line over checked strings being worked from the rear of the texture. Fundamental themes of Phulkari plans are geometric.
  • Squares and triangles are formed everywhere throughout the space, it is covered with warm Colours. Squares, dashes, triangles and straight lines and crises cross lines from an interminable imaginative variety.
  • The overwhelming shading is the gold of the maturing wheat reap in Punjab. The ladies will initially get the layout of each area with a needle before it is worked toward a path that diverges from the segment nearby it. The enrolled work of Phulkari is planned with conventional geometrical shapes.

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