Renaissance: Introduction of Renaissance, Birth of Venus and Monalisa (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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  • Renaissance is a word which signifies “Re-Birth” . Accordingly, it stands to delineate the recovery of Art, Architecture and Literature in the 14th to 17th century. Renaissance started with the restoration of enthusiasm for old traditional culture of Greeks and Romans. This period was known for new tests, intensity of thinking, laws and revelations, that՚s why it was known as the “Age of Enlightenment” .
  • However, the 14th century Renaissance with conspicuous Artists like Duccio and Masaccio had progressively gothic strategy for portrayal and less life systems information.
  • The 15th Century Renaissance gave enough worry to adjust and congruity in Art and Nature. The utilization of light, shadow, foreshortening and point of view had been consummated.

Birth of Venus

Birth of Venus

Title – Birth of Venus

Artist – Sandro Botticelli

Medium – Tempera on canvas

Period – 1485 - 1486

Style – Renaissance

Collection – Galleria degli Uffizi in Florence

  • In about 1486 Birth of Venus was painted by Sandro Botticelli. By 2nd century ancient Greek masterpieces.
  • This canvas shows perhaps the best case of resurrection of old-style themes propelled by 2nd century old Greek perfect works of art. The painting depicts the classical goddess ‘Venus’ emerging from the water on shell.
  • The naked goddess is a portrayal not of natural however profound love. She shows up as a full developed lady, representing magnificence and truth. She is joined by one of the goddesses of seasons, who offer her fabric weaved with blossoms to cover her body.
  • On the opposite side develops wind god like holy messengers free streaming in air. Venus remains inside with an unassuming posture which reviews old Gothic՚s figures. The cool counterfeit light adds delicate agreeable magnificence to the artwork.


16th Century Monalisa

Title – Monalisa

Artist – Leonardo da Vinci

Medium – Oil on Poplar Wood

Period – 16th century

Style – Renaissance

Collection – Louvre Museum, Paris

From 1452 to 1519 century there was a famous Italian painter Leonardo da Vinci. He was viewed as both scientist and artist.

Some of the famous painting are,

  • ‘The Last supper’
  • ‘The Virgin of the Rocks’
  • ‘Monalisa’

These are universal fame forever.

  • In the 16th century Monalisa painted on poplar wood in oil Colours. It portrays a lady sitting with a secretive grin which appears to invite the eyewitness. Leonardo utilized a pyramid structure, where her collapsed hands structure the base.
  • There is an emotional difference between light and dull. The brilliantly lit face is surrounded with different components like hair, shroud, and shadows. There is a huge scene behind the picture. It delineates cold mountains, valleys and bend stream.

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