Cubism, Surrealism and Abstract Art: Man, with Violin and Persistence of Memory (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Cubism is a style of painting and model that started in Paris in around 1907. It was the most significant pattern toward the start of the 12th century. He said, “Everything in nature must be treated as a cylinder or sphere.”

Important Artists are,

  • Picasso
  • Braque
  • Leger.

They especially picked subjects like still life, scenes and representations and themes in their stirs were separated into little parts. The point was to give significance on development yet not the feelings.

  • The reason for existing was introducing the structure, not extravagance of shading as far as geometrical shapes. Structures turned out to be progressively conceptual and generalized. By 1920, this craftsmanship development reached a conclusion. The movement Surrealism started in 1924 and continued till 1955.
  • The Surrealism specialists attempted to utilize the pictures of the oblivious in their works. The Surrealism viewed themselves as delegates of a new outlook, mainly affected by psycho-investigation. It began as a progressive development coming about because of the Dadaists revolt.

Man, with Violin

Title: Man, with Violin

Medium: Oil on canvas

Date: 1912


Artist: Pablo Picasso

Collection: Philadelphia Museum of Art

  • In 1881 Pablo Picasso was born in Malaga, Spain. Pablo Picasso was a painter, sculptor, and ceramist. All through his long profession, Picasso followed the standards of dynamic composition. He built up his own style in Paris during his Blue Period, 1900 - 1902, named from the blue green tone of his canvases. Picasso built up his Rose Period in 1905 - 1907.
  • In this period, he utilized for the most part pink shading in his works of art. From 1915, Picasso built up his Cubist stage which put him on the map world over. Cubism is fundamentally the breaking of three-dimensional structures into level zones of example and shading, covering, and connecting with the goal that shapes and parts of the human body or articles are seen from the front and back simultaneously.
  • “Man, with Violin” was painted in 1912. It is a fine case of Analytical Cubism. Items were partitioned into parts delineating various perspectives simultaneously. Like some other artistic creation of this period, structures are conspicuous, yet separated into shape like structures. Picasso attempted to utilize space in another way. The human structure holding the violin is broken into different geometrical shapes and afterward masterminded together.

Persistence of Memory

Title: Persistence of Memory

Medium: Oil on canvas

Date: 1931


Artist: Salvador Dali

Collection: Museum of Modern Art, New York

  • Salvador Dali is the most popular Surrealist painter. He was a Spanish painter, filmmaker, and author. He received profoundly sensible technique. He proceeded with his act of drawing which he had acted in his childhood while contemplating. After a concise time of exploring different avenues regarding structure, he utilized his drawings to portray the universe of ridiculous, bizarre, and unusual components.
  • “Tirelessness of Memory” painted in 1931 is a fine case of the Surrealist Movement. The uncovered scene and smoothness delineated in this canvas could be viewed as life after all wars, after all people have passed on. The main items in the artistic creation that give life, and which can be related with individuals are the “softening timekeepers.”
  • In this composition the softening tickets look practical and make the feeling of upset brain which we observe deepest of his works of art.

Black Lines

Title: Black Lines

Medium: Oil on canvas

Date: December 1913


Artist: Wassily Kandinsky

Collection: Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York.

  • Wassily Kandinsky was conceived in 1866 in Russia. He was a popular painter and craftsmanship theoretician of his time. Kandinsky is one of the organizers of theoretical work of art. He established the frameworks for non-authentic workmanship in his three significant arrangements — Impressions, Improvisations and Compositions.
  • His works were a mix of reflection and geometric. He needed artwork to be unique as is music. “Went with Contrast,” “Yellow Accompaniment,” “Rakish Structure” are a portion of his incredible works. His works had an enormous influence on the next generation of artists. “Black lines” was done by Kandinsky in 1913.
  • As the name proposes, the lines look as though they were put on with Indian ink however dark paint was utilized. In this organization, a gathering of lines in a specific corner added various implications as indicated by the game plan. Like different artistic creations of this period, his work indicated straightforwardness and unadulterated outlines as though skeletons have no substance on it.
  • The shaded spots look as though applied by fingers of a goliath hand and not brushes.

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