Pioneers of Contemporary Indian Art: Hamsa Damayanti and Brahmacharies (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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  • Towards the start of 19th century affected by the British Raj; Indian workmanship shown a general decrease.
  • The art and strategies of fresco and small scale works of art which were exceptional throughout the entire existence of workmanship, were about lost. Miniatures were expelled by European oil painting.
  • Towards the turn of the century, conventional Indian artwork became dim and it was the ideal opportunity for Indian specialists to take a gander at their legacy with positive methodology and advance from the prior European Colonial Art. Raja Ravi Varma of Kerala was acclaimed for his works of art of fanciful subjects and what՚s more, representation.
  • His works indicated western impact in his oil artistic creations. Then again, Rabindranath Tagore attempted to reproduce another style in painting. Nandalal Bose, Binode Behari, and scarcely any others followed this recently stirred feeling of patriotism.
  • In this manner he developed the Bengal School in the primary portion of the 12th century. For subjects, they discovered their motivation from Indian works of art and folklore. They dismissed the western authenticity and liked to utilize vision of Indian Art.

Hamsa Damayanti

Hamsa Damayanti

Title: Hamsa Damayanti

Medium: Oil on canvas

Date: 1899

Artist: Raja Ravi Varma

  • Raja Ravi Varma is one of the most commended painters of India. His life started in a little town of Kilimanoor, Kerala. Ravi Varma՚s vision as a craftsman was progressive in his commitment to Indian workmanship.
  • A well-known and noteworthy craftsman of his time he was a noticeable agent of the Europeanized School of Indian specialists. He picked up notoriety for his water and oil shading methods. Tremendous scenes of India՚s are depicted in the arrangement of his works that for the most part venture the courageous women as the focal figures.
  • His works of art of Indian divinities despite everything made do in numerous homes and hallowed places. His works are as yet noticeable in prints, schedules, banners, and other well-known expressions and oleographs. Ravi Varma is especially noted for his works of art portraying scenes from the tale of Dushyanta – Shakuntala, Nala – Damayanti, and from the epic Mahabharata.
  • “Hamsa Damayanti” is one of the most popular works of Raja Ravi Varma. It was painted in 1899 in oil and it drummed up some excitement when initially showed at the Madras Fine Arts Exhibition.


The Brahmacharies

Title: Brahmacharies

Medium: Oil on canvas

Date: 1938

Artist: Amrita Shergil

Collection: National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi

  • Amrita Shergil՚s appearance is an incredible occasion throughout the entire existence of contemporary twentieth century workmanship in India.
  • Conceived in 1913, her folks were Sardar Umrao Singh Shergil and Lady Antoinette, a Hungarian national. Amrita spent her initial a very long time in Europe and had the best of workmanship instruction in Paris.
  • She was exceptionally affected by the post-Impressionists including Modigliani and Gauguin. She came to India in 1921, drawing motivation from the impeccable little miniatures of Kangra and frescoes of Ajanta.
  • The figures she drew with appearances on their countenances were her own development. Amrita՚s artistic creations were not simple proliferations of what she saw around her yet dreams resulting from the coordination of shading, plan and feeling. Visit to South India enlivened her to create the most momentous works, for example, “The Bride՚s Toilette” .
  • “The Brahmacharis” and “South Indian Villagers going to Market” . The Brahmacharis which was painted in 1938 is a fine case of her comprehension of the Hindu confidence which is as yet common in the conventionalist South India.

The Atrium

The Atrium

Title: The Atrium

Medium: Water colour on paper

Date: 1920

Size: 12.5 “X 9.5”

Artist: Gaganendranath Tagore

Collection: Rabindra Bharati Society, Jorasanko, Kolkata

  • Gaganendranath Tagore was conceived in 1867 in the Tagore family in Kolkata. He was a main figure in contemporary Indian painters.
  • His significant works from 1910 - 1921 were the portrayals of the Himalayas, the life of Chaitanya through craftsmanship in a grouping and the great drawings delineating the Indian life. On one hand he bolstered his sibling Rabindranath and then again, he indicated his tendency towards Cubist School in Europe.
  • Later in his vocation he built up his very own particular style and his own image of cubism. The centre of cubism was to uncover conceptual geometric structures. He built up his procedure after a significant stretch of experimentation.
  • He covered the levelled geometrical shadow states of shading to make a riddle world. He was unquestionably an ace of wonderful synthesis. He painted pictures with a sensational play of light and shade utilizing geometrical structures and rearranged figures. He never indiscriminately imitated the western craftsmanship style. He was additionally an incredible pundit of his time and his social kid՚s shows were exceptionally famous.

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