Psychology: Controlling and Disciplining the Mind: Importance and Jeevan Vigyan

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Importance of Controlling and Regulating the Mind

For a healthy growth of the individual and society self control and discipline are very important. Yoga as a way of life is necessary for healthy development of an individual. It is a profound physical, emotional and cognitive experience. There should be a balance between body, mind, intellect and emotions. Modern education lays more emphasis on the body and intellect. Its neglect of emotional aspects seem to result in lack of discipline, restraint, tolerance and character.

Controlling and Disciplining the Mind

Controlling and Disciplining the Mind

Jeevan Vigyan

Jeevan Vigyan is a harmonious practical method to inculcate human values. It teaches us the positive values to enable us to control our mind. Jeevan Vigyan is a plan to build a wholesome personality. It can be instrumental in fulfilling the dream of a new society and a new lifestyle. Jeevan Vigyan is a method of controlling our emotions. Our emotions have to be refined otherwise they may create problems. The anger and rage of a single boy/girl can result in disintegration of the whole family. Jeevan Vigyan trains our brains to regulate emotions and behaviours.

Preksha Dhyana

Dhyana or meditation is an important component of Jeevan Vigyan. It is a particular technique of controlling and disciplining the mind. Its objective is to attain change in attitudes and behaviours and develop an integrated and balanced personality. The different aspects of preksha include – Shwas Preksha (perception of breathing), Sharer Preksha (perception of body), and Chaitanya Kendra Prekshna (perception of psychic centers). Preksha Dhyana involves developing self awareness by relaxation. In preksha dhyana total relaxation is achieved by Kayotsarg, mental concentration and awareness of the body and realization of nonmaterial self.

Art of Living

  • Paramhans Yogananda gave the concept of Art of Living, which has been revived by Sri Ravi Shanker thought of Living foundation in 1981 and introduced Sudarshan Kriya which as a unique and wonderful breathing technique. It eliminates stress, fatigue and negative emotions. Art of living helps individuals get rid of stress and experience inner peace. The training includes stress-elimination programmes such no Prayanam (breathing techniques), meditation and yoga.

  • Sudarshan Kriya: Just as there are rhythms in nature – day and night, season after season, similarly, there are rhythms in the body, mind and emotions. When these rhythms get disturbed, say due to overwork, food habits or busy lifestyle, we feel stress, discomfort or get an illness. To get rid of such disturbances Sudarshan Kriya is used. Its cleansing power harmonises the whole system.

Transcendental Meditation

Maharshi Mahesh Yogi has propounded (developed) a simple system of meditation called Transcendental Meditation (TM). Transcendental Meditation is that technique which brings our mind from the surface of life to the depth of our being. By this method, the conscious mind takes a dive into the deeper level of consciousness, which get activated and this make the surface value of the mind more powerful. TM does not involve concentration or contemplation. In TM, the mind experiences a kind of freshness where all mental and physical tensions are removed. The qualities of energy, positivity and creativity then manifest (appear) in the mind or consciousness.


Vipassana is a technique of self observation, i.e. observing things as they really are not just as they seem to be. This is what the Buddha taught through the technique of self observation. Vipassana is a natural and normal breathing which is observed without any special effort, and in return it brings peace and tranquility to human mind. The word “Vipassana” means to observe the reality as it is in its true nature, not just as it appears to be, not just as it seems to be, but as it is in its true nature.

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