NIOS Class 10 Social Studies Chapter 1 Ancient World, Introduction Part 8 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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The Mauryan Age (322 BC-184 BC)

  • Out of the sixteen Mahajanapadas, it was Magadha that expanded considerably under powerful rulers like;
    • Bimbi Sara
    • Ajatashatru
    • Mahapadmananda.
  • Chandragupta Maurya defeated the king of the Nanda dynasty in 322 BC.
  • He established the Maurya Empire uprooting;
    • Greeks from the Punjab
    • Nandas from the Gangetic Plains
  • Chandragupta ruled from 322 BC to 297 BC.
  • The son and successor of Chandragupta Maurya, Bindusara (297 BC-272 BC) , who was also known as Mitraghata (slayer of enemies) .
  • As far as Mysore controlled, he is said to have conquered Deccan, extending Mauryan.
  • He also had contacts with Antiochus I, who was the Greek ruler of West Asia.
  • His policy of ‘dhamma’ was based on;
    • Religious toleration
    • Respect to elders
    • Care for the old
    • Kindness
    • Truthfulness
    • Purity.
  • In his reign an important and famous event was the Kalinga War in 260 BC that is mentioned in his Rock Edict XIII.
  • Ashoka (272 BC-236 BC) rose victorious during this fratricidal war of progression and ascended the throne of Magadha.
The Mauryan Age

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