NIOS Class 10 Social Studies Chapter 17 India – a Welfare State Part 1 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Title: India – a Welfare State

Introduction

  • We may come across the word welfare in newspapers, magazines or while watching television.
  • There will be a reference to Directive Principles of State Policy, whenever India is described as a welfare state.
  • In this chapter we are going to learn about India being a welfare state.

What is a Welfare State?

  • There are many other nations in the world which are considered as welfare states.
  • What is a welfare state?
    • It is a concept of government in which the state plays a key role in the protection and promotion of economic and social well-being of its citizens.
  • The welfare states are depending upon;
    • Principles of equality of opportunity.
    • Equitable distribution of wealth.
  • The welfare of its citizens is the responsibility of the state, under this system.
  • Before independence India was not a welfare state.
  • A lot of innumerable problems and challenges were faced by India when it reached independence.
  • India was also having social and economical problems.
  • India was facing;
    • Social inequalities
    • All the vulnerable sections of the society such as women, Dalits, children were deprived from basic means of living.
  • Constitution makers decided that India would be a welfare state as they were aware of the problems faced by them
  • In the Preamble of the Indian Constitution India is described as a “sovereign socialist secular democratic republic” .
  • Therefore, to ensure social and economic welfare of the people of India, the Constitution has provided extensive provisions.
  • In this view two specific provisions have been made that is;
    • One in the form of Fundamental Rights.
    • The other as Directive Principles of State Policy.
  • In part III the Fundamental Rights embodied that Indian Constitution act as a guarantee that all Indian citizens can and will enjoy civil liberties and basic rights.
  • Some of these important rights are:
    • Equality before the law.
    • Freedom of speech and expression.
    • Freedom of association and peaceful assembly.
    • Freedom of religion.
    • The right to constitutional remedies for the protection of civil rights.

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