NIOS Class 10 Social Studies Chapter 17 India – a Welfare State Part 3 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Directive Principles of State Policy and Fundamental Rights

The aim of Directive Principles and Fundamental rights are almost same but there is some difference between the both principles these are;

First

  • Directive Principles are not justiciable.
  • No constitutional provision or law binds the government to implement these.
  • Fundamental rights are justiciable and enforceable.
  • Fundamental rights cannot be denied to any citizen.
  • These are protected by the Supreme Court and High Courts.

Second

  • These principles are only instructions or directions for the state to frame policies to implement them.
  • Such policies should be a step towards realizing the goals of a welfare state.
  • Fundamental Rights have been ensured by the Constitution And the state is bound to protect the rights of all its citizens.

Third

  • Even in respect of the placement in the Constitution, the Directive Principles Came after the Fundamental Rights.
  • It means that the importance of Fundamental rights is more than that of Directive Principles.
  • If these do not have the same kind of constitutional sanction like the fundamental rights it is important to appreciate the Directive Principles which cannot be ignored.
  • The credibility and popularity of any government is enhanced by the Implementation of Directive Principle, which is also the basis for regaining power in a democracy.
    • Fundamental Rights guarantee political democracy.
    • Directive Principles are there to establish social and economic democracy.

Implementation of Directive Principles of State Policy

  • To implement Directive Principles there are some main outcomes which are given below;
    • Right to Education Act 2009 passed by the Indian Parliament.
    • Sarva Siksha Abhiyan by the central government etc.
  • In Panchayat elections for women states like Bihar and Madhya Pradesh have reserved 50 percent seats.
  • Yet, the government has been implementing some principles the principles are;
    • In all the spheres of employment minimum wages have been fixed.
    • For both men and women equal wages for equal work is enacted.
    • To boost rural areas numerous programmes have been launched.
  • Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) .
  • Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojna are the examples.
    • Constitutional status has been given to the Panchayati Raj. at village level Village Panchayats have been set up and are functioning clearly.
    • The Eighty-sixth constitutional amendment was adopted to ensure provision for free and compulsory education for children. The Right to Education Act Was passed in 2009 to make it a fundamental right.
    • To protect children՚s from exploitation many laws have been passed.
    • For the poor and backward classes and also for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes a number of welfare schemes have been implemented. In the Parliament and Vidhan Sabha seats have been reserved.
    • To protect women from exploitation several laws and welfare schemes have been launched.
    • The forty second constitutional amendment added a Directive principle, which ensures Protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wildlife. A number of Programmes like Save the Tiger project Rhino, elephant etc. are being implemented in pursuance of the newly added directive principle. The Judiciary has been separated from the executive.
    • By giving tax concessions cottage industries have been established and protected.
    • Our foreign policy is in consonance with the principles of international peace and security, and maintaining just and honourable relations between nations.
    • For world peace the Government of India supports and works for it.
  • For the implementation of Directive principles, the governments at central, state and local levels are working.
  • A lot of problems have been solved but still the following problems exists;
    • poverty,
    • unemployment,
    • poor health and illiteracy

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