NIOS Class 10 Social Studies Chapter 19 Governance at the State Level Part 1 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Title: Governance at the State Level

Governor

  • India has a parliamentary form of government.
  • The Governor in whom the executive power of the State is vested by the Constitution.
  • He is just a nominal head (de jure)
  • The real head of a state is a council of minister headed by the chief minister (de facto)

Appointment and Eligibilities

  • He/she is appointed by the president of India.
  • The Governor is appointed for a term of five years
  • He/she must be a citizen of India
  • He/she must be 35 years old
  • He/she should not hold any office of profit during his/her tenure.
  • If He/she is a member of either House of the Parliament or the Legislature of a State, or a member of the Council of Ministers at the national or the state level and is appointed as Governor, he/she will have to resign that post.

Powers of Governor

Executive Powers

  • The Governor will perform his functions according to the aid and advice of the Council of Ministers with the Chief Minister as its head.
  • The Governor appoints the Chief Minister and other members of the Council of Ministers.
  • The Governor also appoints persons on important posts such as the Chairpersons and Members of the State Public Service Commission, State Election Commission, State Finance Commission and the Advocate General, Judges of the courts, other than the High Court.
  • The Governor opinion is required when the Judges of the State High Court are appointed by the President.
  • The Governor appoints members of the Council of Ministers only on the advice of the Chief Minister.

Legislative Powers

  • The Governor has the right to summon and prorogue the State Legislature and can dissolve the State Legislative Assembly.
  • The Governor will address the State Legislative Assembly or the joint sessions of the two houses of the legislature.
  • The Governor may nominate one person of Anglo-Indian Community as a member of the Legislative Assembly in case the community is not represented.
  • The Governor also nominates one-sixth of the members to the Legislative Council, if the State has a bicameral legislature.
  • A bill passed by the State Legislature becomes a law or Act only when the Governor gives assent to it.

Financial Powers

  • The Annual Financial Statement of the State is presented by the State Finance Minister on behalf of the Governor.
  • No money bill can be introduced in the State Legislature without the prior recommendations of the Governor.
  • The Governor also has control over the State Contingency Fund.

Discretionary Powers

  • The Governor can exercise discretion in inviting a person to be the Chief Minister if no political party wins a clear majority in the Legislative Assembly.
  • The Governor acts as a link between the Centre and the State.
  • The Governor can reserve any bill passed by the State Legislature for the consideration of the President of India.
  • The Governor can impose president rule under article 356 if he thinks that the government is not working under the constitution.

The Governor Relationship with the Council of Minister

  • The Governor invites the chief minister who is the leader of the majority in the State Legislative
  • The Governor also invites the members of the Council of Ministers on the recommendations of the Chief Minister.
  • The Governor can dismiss them only when the President՚s Rule is imposed.
  • The Governor may call for necessary information related to the state administration from the chief minister.
  • If a Minister individually takes a decision, the Governor may ask the Chief Minister to place such a matter for consideration of the Council of Ministers

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