NIOS Class 10 Social Studies Chapter 19 Governance at the State Level Part 2 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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The Chief Minister and Council of Ministers

Appointment

  • The chief minister Is the real executive
  • The Chief Minister and other members of the Council of Ministers are appointed by the Governor.
  • The chief minister term of office is for five years, as long as he got the majority in the assembly.
  • If a person who is appointed as the Chief Minister or a Minister is not a member of the State Legislature,
  • He/she has to become a member of any of the two houses within six months of his/her appointment.
  • The portfolios or different ministries are allocated to the Ministers by the Governor on the advice of the Chief Minister.

Functions of the Chief Minister and Council of Ministers

  • The chief minister advises the Governor on the appointment of Council of Ministers and allocation of portfolios to them.
  • The chief minister presides over the meetings of the State Council of Ministers
  • The chief minister guides the framing of the policies and programmes for the State
  • The chief minister is the sole link of communication between the Council of Ministers and the Governor.
  • The Chief Minister communicates the decisions of the Council of Ministers to the Governor;
  • The chief minister submits any matter on which decision has been taken if the Governor desires him/her to do so.

State Legislature

  • The States the Legislature is bicameral i.e.. , has two houses.
  • In most of the States it is unicameral i.e.. , has only one house.
  • The Governor is an integral part of the State Legislature.
  • The unicameral legislature has the Legislative Assembly and the bicameral has the Legislative Assembly being its Lower House and the Legislative Council the Upper House.
  • The tenure of the state assembly is of five years.
  • The Assembly may be dissolved when President՚s Rule is imposed in a State.
  • While a national Emergency, the Parliament may extend the term of Legislative Assemblies for a period not exceeding one year at a time.

Composition of Legislative Assembly

  • The Legislative Assembly is the real legislature even in those States that have bicameral legislatures.
  • A State Legislative Assembly shall not have more than 500 members and not less than 60 members.
  • Goa, Sikkim and Mizoram have been allowed to have less than 60 members.
  • Some Seats are reserved for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the Legislative Assembly.
  • If the Governor feels that the Anglo-Indian Community is not adequately represented, he/she may nominate one person of that community in the State Legislative Assembly.
  • Member of the legislative assembly is elected by the people based on the principle of universal adult franchise.
  • Qualifications prescribed by the Constitution for being elected as an M. L. A.
    • He/she must be a citizen of India.
    • He/she must have attained the age of 25 years
    • He/she must have his/her name on the voters՚ list
    • He/she does not hold any office of profit
    • He/she must not be a government servant.

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