NIOS Class 10 Social Studies Chapter 25 Socio-Economic Development and Empowerment of Disadvantaged Groups Part 1 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

Get unlimited access to the best preparation resource for ICSE/Class-10 : get questions, notes, tests, video lectures and more- for all subjects of ICSE/Class-10.

Title: Socio-Economic Development and Empowerment of Disadvantaged Groups

Socio-Economic Development

  • In the socio-economic context, development means the improvement of people՚s lifestyles through improved education, incomes, skills development and employment.
  • It is the process of economic and social transformation based on cultural and environmental factors.
  • It is measured with indicators, such as gross domestic product (GDP) , life expectancy, literacy and levels of employment.
  • But these indicators do not ensure that the benefits of development have been equally distributed

Human Development

  • It focuses on expanding and widening people՚s choices as well as raising the levels of wellbeing.
  • The concept of human development was introduced by Dr. Mahbub ul Haq
  • Human Development Index (HDI) developed as a means of measuring human development is being used since 1990
Human Development Index: Indices and Dimensions
Sl. NoIndicesDimensions
1A Long and Healthy LifeLife expectancy at birth, as an index of population health and longevity
2Knowledge and EducationAdult Literacy Rate

The combined primary, secondary, and tertiary gross enrollment ratio

3A Decent Standard of LivingGross domestic product (GDP) , per capita at purchasing power parity (PPP) in United States dollars (US $)
  • Out of 189 countries, India has ranked 131 on the Human Development Index 2020 prepared by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) .
  • The Government of India has also made an attempt to develop state wise Human Development Index
Human Development

Sustainable Development

Sustainable Development
  • Sustainable Development is defined as ‘development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs’ .
  • The main goal is to achieve a reasonable and equitably distributed level of economic and social wellbeing for many human generations.
  • It takes care of the needs and requirements of all sections of the society including the disadvantaged groups.

Developed by: