NIOS Class 10 Social Studies Chapter 26 Environmental Degradation and Disaster Management Part 1 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Title: Environmental Degradation and Disaster Management


  • To meet the fast-growing needs of the people the forests are being cut in hilly areas.
  • We all know that deforestation can affect our environment.
  • The crumbling of the environment has additionally prompted different sorts of man-made disasters and natural calamities.
  • In this chapter, we are going to learn about the phenomenon of environmental degradation and how it is related to natural calamities, disasters and their management.

Meaning of Environment

Meaning of Environment
Meaning of Environment
  • For the children, the environment comprises;
    • The park
    • Trees
    • Plants
    • Flowers
    • playing equipment
    • Air
    • Water
  • From the We can see a park with trees, flowers, plants, grass, butterflies, and also a couple with two children.
A Park with Trees
  • There are fish in the pond, but for the fish, it is not the same.
  • For fishes, the environment is the surroundings within the pool.
  • For any living organism like a human being or a plant or an animal, the environment means everything, living or non-living, which surrounds it.

The Dynamism and the Variety of the Environment

  • One of its most significant characteristics is dynamism.
  • Biotic and the abiotic elements in the environment are dynamic in their nature.
  • Environment differs from place to place like the Himalayas is different from that of the Great Indian Desert.
  • In different seasons and in different places experience different climatic conditions.
  • Over a period of 20 or 30 years there are various changes happening in the environment.
  • The human-made environment had also changed over a period of time and space.
  • In human dwellings several changes have taken place.
  • About 20 years ago there were no skyscrapers that we see today in many cities.
  • Villages have been developed into towns, cities and mega-cities.
  • Transport and communications have also been revolutionized.
  • The dynamic nature of environment can be seen through these changes and Developments.

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