Kingdoms Plantae and Animalia: Angiosperms and Difference between Angiosperms and Gymnosperms (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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  • Flowering plants are also known as angiosperms. Angiosperms are the largest group and most species-rich phylum of plants on Earth.
  • Our most familiar plants like pea, mango, coconut, wheat and rice come under the group called Angiosperms. Their seeds are always enclosed in the fruit. A fruit is a mature ovary.
Image Showing the Parts of an Angiosperm Plant
  • Angiosperms have flowers and bear seeds enclosed in a protective covering called a fruit. The angiosperms are divided into two groups: Dicotyledons and Monocotyledons. Monocot plants seeds have single cotyledon while dicot plants seeds have two cotyledons.
Image Showing Comparison of Monocot and Dicot

Differences between Angiosperms and Gymnosperms

Image Showing Differences between Angiosperms and Gymnosperms
Seeds naked as not enclosed in ovary.Seeds enclosed in fruit (a mature ovary)
Bears cones where spores (gametes) develop.Bears flowers where reproductive spores (gametes) develop.
Xylem vessels usually absent.Xylem has both vessels as well as tracheids.
Has haploid tissue (endosperm produced before fertilization)Has triploid tissue (endosperm produced during triple fusion) .
Leaves are flat in shape.Leaves are scale like and needle-like in shape.
Examples are Pinus, Cycas and Cedrus trees.Examples are Grass, Bamboo, and Coconut tree.

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