Commerce: Staffing: Meaning, Objectives and Importance of Staffing (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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In a small business unit, like a grocery shop, the owner may not need others to help him in running the shop, as he may himself be able to look after all the activities. But as the business grows in size, he may find it difficult to manage all the activities alone and may have to find out suitable persons and employ them. It is quite possible that you may start your own business and face such a situation and employ people to assist you in running the business. In both the situations, you may find it useful if you know how employees are recruited, selected and trained for the various positions in an organisation. The staffing function including the sources of recruitment, the process of selecting the employees and the various methods of their training and development.

Meaning of Staffing

Staffing refers to the managerial function of employing and developing human resources for carrying out the various managerial and non-managerial activities in an organisation. This involves determining the manpower requirement, and the methods of recruiting, selecting, training and developing the people for various positions created in the organisation. This, in fact happens to be a continuous process because the organisation՚s need to retain and update its personnel is a never-ending exercise. The managers have to keep a regular watch on the number and composition of the personnel needed by the organisation, because the requirement of manpower keeps on changing and expanding with the expansion of activities and additions of new departments and work units.


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Importance of Staffing

All of us know that it is the people in every organisation who run the show successfully. For example, if you do not have good salesman you cannot sell well even if your product is good. Similarly, you may have the best quality raw materials, machines etc. Staffing thus, as a function, is very important as it is through this process that we get right persons for the organisation and ensure that they stick to the organisation. The benefits of good staffing are as follows.

  • It helps in getting right people for the right job at the right time. The function of staffing enables the manager to find out as to how many workers are required and with what qualifications and experience.
  • Staffing contributes to improved organisational productivity. Through proper selection the organisation gets quality workers, and through proper training the performances level of the workers can be improved.
  • It helps in providing job satisfaction to the employees keeping their morale high. With proper training and development programmes their efficiency improves and they feel assured of their career advancements.
  • Staffing maintains harmony in the organisation. Through proper staffing, individuals are not just recruited and selected but their performance is regularly appraised, and promotions made on merit. For all these, certain rules are made and are duly communicated to all concerned. This fosters harmony and peace in the organisation.

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