Staffing: Probation Period and Difference between Selection and Recruitment

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Probation Period

In most of the organisations the candidates are not initially appointed on permanent basis because it is considered better to try them for a few months on the job itself. This period of service is known as the period of probation. It is necessary because no procedure of selection can fully establish the qualities of a selected candidate. It is only by observing a person at work that one can find out how he performs and also how he behaves with his superior and fellow employees. If during the probation period, his performances not found satisfactory, his period of probation may be extended. The management may also transfer him to some other job at which he may be expected to do better.

Difference between Selection and Recruitment

While the These are closely inter-connected activities. However, recruitment

Image of Difference between Selection and Recruitment
Title: Image of Difference between Selection and Recruitment



Selection helps in finding out the candidates who meet the requirements of the job.

Recruitment helps in attracting suitable candidates.

selection identifies the most suitable amongst the applicants.

The recruitment refers to the process of attracting good applicants for jobs,

selection is a negative process as it involves rejection of many candidates.

the recruitment process, the effort is to attract the candidates as many as possible and it is regarded as a positive process.

The selection leads to making the right choice.

Recruitment helps the manager to attract good candidates.

Selection is made through different steps in the procedure adopted.

Recruitment involves decisions as regard to the sources of potential candidates.


If the selected candidate decides to join the organisation, he/she has to report to the concerned authority and formally joins the organisation by giving his consent in writing. Then he/she is placed to perform specific job. Thus, placement refers to selected candidate’s joining the positions in the organisation for which they have been selected. The appointment of every candidate is followed by a record of particulars of employment. Such records are properly maintained and described as employment record. It serves a useful purpose on many occasions like selection of employees for training, promotion, increments etc.


Induction is the process of introducing new employees to the organisation. The new employees should know under whom and with whom he/she is to work, get acquainted and adjusted to the work environment, get a general idea about the rules and regulations, working conditions etc. Usually the immediate supervisor of the new employee introduces him to his work environment. A proper induction programme is likely to reduce his anxiety on how to cope with the work and how to become part of the organisation and helps in development of a favourable attitude towards the organisation and the job.

Training and Development

  • Helping the employees to improve their knowledge and skill so as to be able to perform their tasks more efficiently is known as training. It is an organised activity for increasing the knowledge and skills of people for a specific purpose. The term ‘development’ refers to the process of not only building up the skill and abilities for specific purpose but also the overall competence of employees to undertake more difficult and challenging tasks. It is generally used with reference to the training of managers and executives.

  • Training is necessary for new employees as well as the existing employees for improving their performance at work. For new employees, training is necessary to help them get acquainted with the method of operation and skill requirement of the job. For existing employees, training at periodical intervals is helpful for learning better ways of doing the work, and also as and when they have to undertake new jobs. Thus, training helps employees to improve their knowledge and skill and make them perform their tasks more efficiently. It also helps them in promotion and improves their attitudes and confidence levels.

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