Directing: Supervision, Importance of Supervision, Motivation and Importance of Motivation (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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After the employees have been instructed regarding what they have to do and how to do, it is the duty of the manager to see that they perform the work as per instructions. This is known as supervision. Managers play the role of supervisors and ensure that the work is done as per the instructions and the plans. Supervisors clarify all instructions and guide employees to work as a team in co-operation with others. Supervisors solve most of the routine job-related problems of subordinates. Supervisor, thus, performs the following functions:

Clarifies orders and instructions issued to subordinates and ensures that they have understand and follow these fully.

  • Ensures that subordinates have the required facilities to perform their jobs.
  • Keeps a watch and guides the activities of subordinates in performing their jobs.
  • Broadens the horizon of his subordinates by making them aware of the wider aspects of their day-to-day work.
  • Coordinates the work of different subordinates under him; and
  • Detects errors and omissions and ensures their rectification.

Though supervision is required at all levels of management, it is of great importance at the operational level i.e.. , at the level of first line supervisor. Managers at this level devote maximum time in supervising the work of subordinates. Though the top or middle level managers also supervise the work of their subordinate managers, but it is the first line supervisors who are in direct and constant touch with operatives i.e.. , workers in the factory and clerical staff in the office. Thus, they are directly responsible for getting the work done through most of the employees in an organisation.

Importance of Supervision

  • From what has been said about supervision, it must be clear to you that supervision is of great significance in getting the work done as per plans and as scheduled. On the basis of the influence on the work at operational level and human approach to the problems of workers, the supervision can ensure workers cooperation and support in achieving organisational objectives.
  • Supervisors are the key people among managers at different levels. They are the link between the top and middle management and the workers. Take, for example, the foreman of the factory or the office superintendent in the office. Both of them are members of the management team and are in direct contact with operatives in the workshop and clerical staff in the office. They are the mouthpiece of management for communicating its ideas, plans and policies to the workers and employees. At the same time, they have to play the role of principal spokesmen of their subordinates to communicate their feelings and grievances to the management. Thus, it is only the supervisor who, as a member of the management team, is capable of developing links to workers. Supervisors are expected to maintain the best and friendly relations with their seniors as well as with the workers and enjoy the trust and confidence of both management and operatives.


Motivation is one of the important elements of directing. Issuance of proper instructions or orders does not necessarily ensure that they will be properly carried out. It requires manager to inspire or induce the employees to act and get the expected result. This is called motivation. It is a force that inspire a person at work to intensify his willingness to use the best of his capability for achievement of specify objectives. It may be in the form of incentives like financial (such as bonus, commission etc.) or, non-financial (such as appreciation, growth etc.) , or it could be positive or negative. Basically, motivation is directed towards goals and prompt people to act.

Importance of Motivation

Importance of Motivation

While performing a job two things are required. The ability to work and the willingness to work. Without willingness to work, ability to work cannot produce results. The importance of motivation lies in converting this ability to work into willingness to work. Performance depends on ability as well as willingness; and willingness depends on motivation. Thus, motivation is a key element in directing people to do the job. Some of the other benefits or importance of motivation are:

  • With proper motivation there can be maximum utilisation of the factors of production like men, money, material etc.
  • If employees are motivated it will reduce employee turnover and absenteeism.
  • Motivation fosters a sense of belongingness among the employees towards the organisation and also improves their morale.
  • Motivation helps in reducing the number of complaints and grievances. The wastage and accident rate also come down; and
  • With proper motivational techniques management can attract competent and best quality employees.

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