Electronic Science: Structure: Enumerated Data Type: Syntax for Enumeration Type

Get unlimited access to the best preparation resource for UGC Environmental-Science: fully solved questions with step-by-step explanation- practice your way to success.

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 349K)

Figure shows enumerated data type

Figure Shows Enumerated Data Type


  • It is used to define new data type for an existing data type.

  • It provides an alternative name for standard data type.

  • It is used for self-documenting the code by allowing descriptive names. (for belts understanding) for the standard data type.

The general format is:

typedef existing data type new data type.

For example:

typedef float real.

Now, in a program one can use data type real instead of float.

Therefore, the following statement is valid:

real amount.

Enumerated Data Type

It has the following features:

Image of Enumerated Data Type Features

Image of Enumerated Data Type Features

  • It is user defined.

  • It works if you know in advance a finite list of values that a data type can take.

  • The list cannot be input by the user or output on the screen.

For example:

Enum months {Jan, feb, mar, apr, may}.

Enum days {sun, mon, tue, wed, thu}.

Enum toys {cycle, bicycle, scooter}.

  • The Enum specifier defines the set of all names that will be permissible values of the type called members which are stored internally as integer constant.

  • The first name was given the integer value 0, the second value 1 and so on.

For example:

Jan = 0, feb = 1, mar = 2, apr = 3, may = 4

The ordering can be altered by using an equal sign and value.

Enum months {Jan = 1, feb, mar, apr, may}.

Here Jan = 1, feb = 2, mar = 3, apr = 4, may = 5

The value of the next element in the list is previous value plus one.

For example:

# include < iostream.h >

Enum months {Jan, feb, mar, apr, may}.

void main ()


months m1, m2.

m1 = Jan.

m2 = Apr.

int diff = m2 - m1.

cout << “Months between” << diff << “\n”.

if (m1 > m2)

cout << “m2 comes before m1”.


The output of the above program is Months between 3 because the member of the enumerated series is stored as integer constant in the memory.

Developed by: