NIOS Class 12 English: Chapter 13 Summary of- ‘the TIGER in the TUNNEL’

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Section 13.4 Summary of - ‘Baldeo Was Dead’

Baldeo who was the only earner of the family was no more now. Let us find out that who took his responsibility and how.

  • The tiger sat down little far started licking his injured leg, he was roaring periodically with agony.
  • Due to pain tiger didn՚t notice the faint rumble that shook the earth, followed by the distant puffing of an engine steadily climbing.
  • The overland mail was coming toward tiger. Through the trees beyond the cutting as the train advanced, the glow of the furnace could be seen, and showers of sparks fell like Diwali lights over the forest.
  • The engine whistled once loud as the train entered the cutting,
  • The tiger raised his head, and then slowly got to his feet.
  • He was in the same situation like Baldeo as flight along the cutting was impossible.
  • He started to run as fast as possible with his injured leg.
  • The train enters in the tunnel with a roar and a shower of sparks.
  • When the train was in confined space it was loud noise in sight but when the train came out into the open, on the other side, silence returned once more to the forest and the tunnel.
  • The train was slowed down at next station to water the engine.
  • As the driver got down to stretch his legs and decided to examine the head-lamps.
  • He was surprised because he shows; just above the cow-catcher laid the major portion of the tiger, cut in half by the engine.
  • There was considerable excitement and conjecture at the station,
  • But there was no sound near tunnel, only the sob of the boy was there as he sat beside the body of his father.
  • Tembu was not afraid of the darkness, and was guarding his father՚s body from jackals and hyenas, until the first faint light of dawn brought with it the arrival of the relief-watchman.
  • For two long days, Tembu and his sister and mother were drowned in grief.
  • But life had to go on and for that earning is most important thing so Tembu had taken all the responsibility on his head.
  • After three nights, Tembu was at the cutting, lighting the signal-lamp for the overland mail.
  • He sat down in the darkness and was waiting for the train he started to sing softly to himself, because there was nothing to be afraid of as his father had killed the tiger, the forest gods were pleased. And along with that he had his father՚s axe with him, and he now knew to use it



  • The infinitive of a verb has two forms:
    • The to-infinitive
    • The infinitive without to.
  • When ‘to’ is used before any verb in sentence it՚s called infinitive verb form:
    • Forex: I want to help you in painting
  • Most common verbs we use with to-infinitives are: Choose, like, prefer, remember, want, mean, plan, hate, hope, love, forget etc.
  • To-infinitive can՚t be used after model verbs, prepositions.


  • Gerunds are words which are formed with verbs but act as nouns. They can be easily recognized as they are verb with ing.
    • For ex: Trupal is afraid of flying.
    • Swimming is best exercise.
  • Gerunds can replace a noun in a sentence.

The Present Participle

  • The present Participle is when ‘ing’ words function like adjectives or adverbs.
  • The present participle is used in the following situations:
    • to make continuous tenses
      • Ex: I am working.
    • as an adjective
      • Ex: It was amazing meal.
    • after certain verbs
      • Ex: Rima went shopping.
    • to describe two action at a time
      • Ex: Whistling to himself, he set down on bench.

The Past Participle

  • The past participle is a world that is formed from a verb, is used as an adjective or to form verb tense and ends with – ed, -d, -t, -en or – n.
  • It can also be paired with secondary verb like was, were, has and had which shows that action has been completed.
    • For ex. He was eaten his food.
  • Many past participles may not use – ed suffix.
    • For ex. The song was sung by the R. D. Burmun.
  • The past participle is used in two main ways:
    • to create past verb forms
    • as an adjective