Environmental Science: Degradation of Natural Environment: Impact of industrialisation on the Environment

Get top class preparation for UGC right from your home: Get complete video lectures from top expert with unlimited validity: cover entire syllabus, expected topics, in full detail- anytime and anywhere & ask your doubts to top experts.

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 170K)

Impact of Industrialisation on the Environment

Due to overpopulation manufacture of essential goods has increased to meet the requirement. Industrialisation disregards environment concern led to environment degradation like the following reasons:

  • Natural resources used as raw material by industries are depleting rapidly.

  • Toxic gases, liquid effluents leading to environment degradation.

  • Disposal of waste pollute the land poses hazards.

  • Burning of fossil fuels releases co2 in atmosphere leading to global warming.

Impact of Modern Agriculture on Environment

  • Forest clearing for growing crops.

  • Excessive irrigation & poor drainage causes water logging & kill plants.

  • Pollution of agrochemicals which are carried away by runoff water into lakes &rivers and seeps through soil & pollute ground water.

  • Eutrophication – enrichment of water with nutrients (nitrates & phosphate) which leads to excessive growth of plants in water body consequently leads to algal bloom.

  • Use of pesticides not only kill pests but also kill the beneficial insects.

  • Biomagnifications is increase in concentration of a pollutant in a food chain.

  • Crop residues such as paddy, jawar, straw, coconut shell cause environment degradation.

  • Multicropping system i.e. growing of food, fodder, &firewood together, is now replace by Monoculture which makes soil unfit for growing other crops.

Biomagnification in a food chain

Biomagnification in a Food Chain

Biomagnification in a food chain

Biomagnification in a food chain

Developed by: