Local Area Planning: Proposals, Ecological Planning, Social Planning, Economic Planning

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Planning Proposals

Based on the above description certain planning proposals can be developed. These proposals could be divided into ecological, social, and economic set of planning.

Image of Planning Proposal

Image of Planning Proposal

Image of Planning Proposal

Ecological Planning

  • The ecological planning aims at improving the general environmental conditions of the locality. This could be planned in terms of improving land, water, and green cover in the village. The conservation practices of checking soil erosion, land scape sculptures along the hill slopes, bio-manures in the fields could be put into practice for improving the land quality. Similarly, for improving the quality and quantity of water resources to meet the domestic, pastoral, and agricultural needs during drought years, deepening of tanks, cleaning the silts from the tanks, and digging more sites for water recharge and rainwater harvesting may be properly planned.

  • The availability of water will increase the level of irrigation and watering in the field and in its turn, it will increase the productivity of land besides making water available to the new plantations. The increase in the level of green cover and biomass is essential for sound environmental setup. Ways to increase green cover could include the plantation of medium and large trees along the highways, riverbanks, railway tracks, around the ponds, and on the panchayat lands. Small and dwarf trees along with flowering plants could be planted along the hill slope.

  • It is a planning proposal for which financial and technological help could be availed of from the Departments of Forests, Revenue and District Planning Office. Once these planning proposals are implemented co-operation and participation of the local people helps in protecting and maintaining these ecological inputs.

Social Planning

  • Social planning is central to safeguard the interests of ecological as well as economic planning. A sound social setup is an asset to balanced development. The social planning of the village Akbarpur demands for more attention in the fields of health, education, training, and job generation. The status of health among women, children, and aged people is pathetic. It calls for an urgent planning towards opening a mini health centre besides having at least one maternity and child health centre. The trained lady health workers and assured delivery of health care can help in improving the health and controlling the population growth.

  • Similarly, growing population of the village deserves to have an anganwadi and a middle and secondary school. An industrial training institute is also an essential requirement of the village, because weaving, carpentry, and gold smithy are still practiced in the village as family professions. To solve the problem of out migration of rural youths, self-employment must be given priority in the village. A rural bank branch can also be established to solve the problem of loans, savings, and investments of the people.

Economic Planning

  • A sound economic base is essential for the development of a local area. Village Akbarpur has ponds which could be developed for fisheries and water chestnuts. The area has a sound base of stone pieces. Hence, mining and quarrying could be initiated as an economic activity.

  • Trees from the forests especially dried ones could be used for timber works. Similarly, sand and soils are available in large quantities for construction purposes. Modern handlooms can further upgrade the weaving and spinning works in the village. Introduction of high yielding variety of milk cattle like cows and buffaloes can improve the dairy industry in the village. Similarly, hybrid goats and sheep can raise the income of pastoralists in the village. These animals can well be used for meat industry. Since the village is located along the highway, it could take up the advantage of selling its products to the markets of nearby towns Chitrakoot (Karwi) and Atarra. Establishing a bank and constructing a panchayat ghar besides constructing village roads can further improve the interaction of rural community with its urban counter parts, where rural products could be sold on regular basis.

In brief, it can be said that

  • Local area planning is a process of planning that is concerned with resolving local level problems and issues. Local area is both a physical as well as a cultural attribute like landscape of an area, local products of folk dances, handicrafts etc. An effort to devise way and means to solve the problems of places and people is termed as planning. Planning is carried out of various levels from small local area to as large area as the world. However, it is the sincere effort of the local people that ensures local area clean, green, and prosperous. For local area planning, formulation of objectives fixing targets and priorities to be achieved, mobilization of local and other resources for the execution of plan, creating social group for the implementation of the plan, and monitoring of progress are the basic requirements.

  • The success of local area planning largely depends upon the ecological and socio-economic base of the locality. As such local area plans vary significantly from place to place. The dimensions of local area planning are essentially to fulfil the basic and higher needs of the people besides creating adequate opportunities for employment and income generation to meet the growing needs of local people. Hence, need based utilization of local resources is a precondition for such a planning. Local resources refer to land resources like rocks and soils, water resources, plantations, and forest resources. Assessment of local resources helps in data collection and preparation of plan and its implementation. Planning is, thus, a continuous process. India is making planned efforts to develop its economy and areas for the welfare of people.

  • India has designed 10 Five-Year Plans based on its priorities so far. Priorities have been changing during different plan periods. However, all of these plans were aimed at achieving higher economic growth rates while keeping general welfare of the people as the main goal. There are distinct problems and potentials of the different regions. Hence, present unique needs for planning. Water harvesting and management, protection, and promotion of forest, tribal welfare and protection of wildlife, power to the people for managing local environment are some of the planning priorities of different regions based on their unique needs. To improve the quality of local environment, utilization of local resources, and initiatives of the local people are important.

  • There is a need for optimal resource utilisation in the light of resource depletion and their renewability. Maps are the basic tools and designs for the development and planning of a local area. As such use of maps, sketches and photographs helps in the identification of local issues, collection of data/information, and for finalizing the blueprint of local area planning. The case studies need to be conducted to analyse the socio-economic set up, land use pattern, amenities and social facilities, and common property resources in the area. Based on the result of the case studies, planning proposals need to be developed. These proposals must include the issues and specific schemes for environmental, social, and economic planning of the area.

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