Home Family and Home Science – Scope of Fabric Science & Fibre

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Clothes are as important as food and shelter. We use them for covering, protecting and even decorating our self. You must be having different types of clothes for different like our causal attire, office wear, party dresses, your night suit and so on. Clothes are made from fabrics and today many types of fabrics are available in the market.

Scope of Fabric Science

  • A Fabric is any piece of cloth. A study of all the aspects of a fabric is called fabric science and it explains the behaviour of a fabric under different conditions.

  • We must have realised that different fabrics are not only different in their appearance but also in their properties, uses and their care procedures.

  • Silk is smooth and shiny; cotton is smooth but dull. Wool is rough but keeps you warm and cotton is cool to wear. Cotton can be washed easily but needs to be ironed after washing for a neat look.

  • Nylon and polyester also are washed very easily and need almost no ironing after washing. Silk is either dry cleaned or washed with gentle soaps.

  • These and many more concepts of fabrics are explained in fabric science. The market today is flooded with variety of fabrics in all types of colours, textures and designs.

  • They all very in their price range as well. To be an intelligent consumer, an exposure to fabric science is important as of helps us to understand a fabric better.


  • Fibres come as short fibres and long fibres and their length is an important property of fibres. To see a short fibre, take a ball of cotton and pull out fibres from it.

  • Notice that these fibres are quite small. Now try and pull out fibres from a nylon fabric. The short fibres are called staple and the long ones are called filament.

  • Fibres also can be classified according to their origin. Some fibres are obtained from natural sources i.e. from plants, animals or minerals. These are called natural fibres. The other fibres are manmade.

Image of Classification of Fibre

Image of Classification of Fibre

Image of Classification of Fibre

Identification of Fibre

  • The vast variety of fabrics available today, makes their identification important. Variety is created by using different fibres in combination. Knowledge of the fibre content of a fabric is therefore necessary to know its suitability, use and care.

  • Sometimes you may have been cheated by an imitation fibre, like a fabric looking like silk but turning out to be artificial silk or imitation silk. Labels and salespersons are not always able to guide you. Cotton, flax and rayon will have similar results when burnt as they are all basically cellulosic in nature.

    • Visual Inspection

    • Burning Test

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