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Fibres and Yarns for apparel and household textiles and other end uses, there is a need to convert them into a fabric. Fabric is any piece of cloth.

Fabric Construction

Fabrics can be made by using a number of techniques.

Image of Techniques of Fabric making

Image of Techniques of Fabric Making

Image of Techniques of Fabric making


  • Weaving is the most commonly used method of fabric construction.

  • You must have seen a chatai being made.

  • Weaving is similar to it, where two sets of yarns are interlaced with one another at right angles.

  • It gives a firm fabric.


  • When you knit a sweater, there is normally one ball of yarn which is interloped to get a fabric.

  • This technique is called knitting and gives a lot of stretch and easy-care properties to fabric.

  • Knits are mainly sued for hosiery. Knit fabrics are especially useful for garments like underwear, T-shirts, socks etc.


  • These fabrics are made directly from fibres without weaving or knitting.

  • Fibres are held together by mechanical forces, gum or heat.

  • Namada is a traditional Kashmiri piece of a non-woven type of fabric.

Brained Fabrics

Brained Fabrics are created in a fashion similar to braiding of hair. These fabrics are mainly used to make trimmings and shoelaces.


They are open-mesh fabrics with geometrical shapes. These yarns may be knotted at the point of intersection.


  • Yarns are criss-crossed to create intricate designs. Yarns may be interloped, interlaced or knotted to give open-mesh structure.

  • Beautiful decorative designs can be created through lace making.

  • Laces are very important trimmings that are used to decorate a garment.

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