Home Family and Home Science – Auxiliaries, Stain Removal & Storage of Textiles

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  • What do you after cleaning the fabric with soap or a syndet? What do you do with your white cottons to ‘retain their whiteness’? What do you to make the cottons crisper or why do you give your silks for ‘Charakh’? So, this makes it very clear that besides cleaners there are other things required while laundering which will give new life to your fabrics. Such substance is called auxiliaries.

  • Products other than the cleansers, required to give good finish to the fabrics during the process of laundering are known as Auxiliaries. These are

    • Blues

    • Optical brightening agents

    • Chemical bleaches

    • Stain removing agents

    • Stiffening agents

Stain Removal

  • Stains are marks other than dirt on clothes. For example, you may get a curry or pickle mark on your shirt while eating or an ink stain writing or a pain stain if you accidently come in contact with a newly painted door.

  • Such marks are called stains and if allowed to stay for long they make the clothes look ugly.

Storage of Textiles

  • Till now we have taken proper care in keeping our clothes clean, but it is not sufficient.

  • If we don’t store these clothes properly, they can get damaged by insects or cloth moths.

  • Let us list a few precautions in order to save our expensive clothes:

    • Empty out pockets and brush the garments thoroughly in order to free them from dust.

    • Always sun and air the garments which have been worn before storing.

    • Do not let garments become too dirty before laundering or dry cleaning.

    • Do not store any damp clothes as moisture causes mildew. You must have seen that clothes have changed colour when taken out from closets and this is the reason for it.

    • All textiles should be protected from insets. This can be done by using repellents like tobacco, dried neem, camphor, moth balls etc., as you all do at home. Woollens can be packed in newspapers as the moth dislikes printer’s link.

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