Home Family and Home Science – Cleaning and care of Walls & Floors, Wooden surfaces & Electrical repairs

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You must have noticed that your walls, floors, counters, tables have different textures. Every surface is different and needs specific maintenance. These surfaces can be hard such as wood, ceramic, metals, marble etc. They are also semi hard, such as linoleum, plastic, paper etc. Then there are soft surfaces such as upholstery, jute, linen etc.

Cleaning and Care of Walls and Floors

  • Walls and floors are mostly made of cement and concrete or even plastered with mud. Walls may either be painted/white washed or some may be covered with wallpaper, ceramic tiles, fabric or wooden panels.

  • Floors may also be made of marble, granite, mosaic chips or wood. Maintenance and precautions to be adopted for some of the commonly used surfaces on walls or floors discussed in the table below.

Cleaning of Wooden Surfaces

  • Wood is used for furniture, counter surfaces in the kitchen and floors. It is finished in a number of ways so that its pores get sealed.

  • It also needs to be treated for protection against white ants.

  • It left untreated, it is likely to develop permanent marks on account of dirt, oil and other spills.

Electrical Repairs

Apart from keeping the premises clean and well maintained, you also need to be familiar with some general equipment and appliances, so that if required you may repair them or supervise their repair. You must also be careful when handling such appliances. Whenever attempting e repair work, make sure that the appliance is disconnected from the main supply, by removing the plug from the switchboard socket.

Image of Warnings of electronics

Image of Warnings of Electronics

Electrical Fuse

  • Put the main switch off.

  • Identify the faulty appliance, switch off and remove it.

  • Take out the fuse cut and examine it. You will see the melted wire, or it remains. Remove this wire and clean the cut out/carrier.

  • Replace with a new wire. The new wire should pass through the hole of one is provided.

  • Replace the fuse cut out, close the box put the main switch on.

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