Home Family and Home Science – Nutritional Status & Causes of Malnutrition

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We need food to grow. The food that we eat is digested and absorbed in our body . The diet provides nutrients which are required in varying amounts in different parts of the body. These nutrients are utilised by the body for performing specific functions. This means that good nutrients is the basic component of good health.

Nutritional Status

  • The condition of health of a person that is influenced by the in take and utilisation of nutrients is called nutritional status.

  • When our body receives all the nutrients in appropriate amounts so as to meet the needs of the body, then we are in the state of good nutrition. We have a normal status.

  • However, when the nutrients provided in the diet are inadequate or not utilised properly, it results in a state of imbalance in the body. If this continues for sometimes it may develop into a severe problem which may even prove fatal.

Image of Normal nutritional status

Image of Normal Nutritional Status

Image of Normal nutritional status

There are two types of malnutrition. The condition of health of a person that results due to the lack of one or more nutrients is called undernutrition. The condition of malnutrition covers both the states of undernutrition and overnutrition. Malnutrition has become a synonym of undernutrition.

Causes of Malnutrition

  • Decreased availability of food due to low production, exhaustion of stocks and increase in population

  • Ignorance

  • Economic conditions

  • Stress conditions

  • Poor personal hygiene and environment sanitation.

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