Reporting and Editing: Definition and Basic Facts About Reporting (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2023)

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  • By reporting, we mean collection or gathering of facts about current events or background material required for a news story or feature. Reporters do it through interviews, investigations and observation. A person who edits is called an editor. By editing, we mean preparing a news report for publication, telecast or broadcast. Editing is a process by which a report is read, corrected, modified, and value-added, polished, improved and made better for publication.
  • Condensation is also part of editing. The editor also decides whether photographs or other images or graphs should be used along with the report. A good editor needs creative skills, command over the language, ideas to improve the copy , and correct judgement about how much importance should be given for a particular news item.

How to Gather News

The following are the main sources for news:

Gather News

Types of News

Types of News

Basic Facts About Reporting

  • Finding the lead: The lead or the opening sentence is the main part of a story and its reporting. A good lead will catch the attention of the readers and compel them to go through the story. A hard lead is suited for serious stories while a soft lead for feature type reports.
  • Finding the angle: Selecting the appropriate angle in which the news to be reported is a big task for the journalist. A news story is based on the angle it takes. Before quickly decide the angle, he weighs the news based on several facts. The angle should be the ne point of view which is given due importance by the reporter.
  • Body of a story: After finding the lead and deciding the angle, there comes drafting the body or fleshy part of the story. It is in this part all the facts on the news is given in a fluent easy flowing language. The reporter uses inverted pyramid model to write a story. i.e.. , opening part containing most relevant facts and as we go down the importance narrows down.

Qualities of a Good News Story

Qualities of a Good News Story

Breaking News, Exclusives or Scoops

By breaking news, we mean a report of any sudden news development which was not known so far, and which is of utmost importance to a large section of society. Exclusives or scoops are news reports which are covered by only one reporter. Nobody else gets it. It is considered to be a great journalistic achievement, a ‘score’ of a reporter.

Qualities of a Good Reporter

There are 20 qualities which are required to be good reporter. They are News sense, clarity, objectivity, accuracy, alertness, inquisitiveness, time consciousness, patience, imagination, farsightedness, self-control, integrity, sincerity, fearlessness, tactfulness, mobility, enthusiasm, readiness to face challenges, reading habit.

Investigative and Interpretative Reporting

Investigative reporting aims at investigating and enquiring in full proof of a scandal, or something unnoticed by the public which contains a controversy. It is in depth reporting. Interpretative reporting is analysis of news developments which are done by senior journalist by assessing the past and present development of the story.