Sociology: Introduction to Sociology: Scope and Relevancy of Sociology

Doorsteptutor material for IEO is prepared by world's top subject experts: fully solved questions with step-by-step explanation- practice your way to success.

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 117K)

Scope of Sociology

Sociology is the study of social life as a whole. The discipline broadly studies individuals shaping a society, their behavioural pattern, interactions through conflicts, competitions, adjustments, and cooperation they perform to live in a society and the social structure, i.e., family, class and state.

Scope of Sociology

Scope of Sociology

Scope of Sociology

  • Social organizations: Social organization refers to inter dependence of different aspects of society, and this is an essential characteristic of all enduring social entities. In spencer’s opinion, social organisation is interring relations of the economic, political, and other divisions of society, whereas Durkheim considers social organizations as exclusive social integration and regulation through consensus about morals and values.

  • Social structure: Refers to pattern of inter relations between individuals. It is a complex of major institutions, groups, and arrangements, relating to status and power.

  • Social institutions: Social institution is a procedure, practice and an instrument. People create institutions to meet their basic needs of survival. They are instruments and tools of human transactions.

  • Culture: Culture refers to symbols, signs and languages, besides religion, rituals beliefs and artifacts and is a guiding force in everyday life. Culture is transmitted from one generation to the next through socialization.

Relevancy of Sociology

Through contributing to social criticisms and social reforms, it has greater practical relevance. The following are the different ways through which sociology remains relevant.

  • Sociology helps us to understand social circumstances and thus make us able to control them.

  • It increases our cultural sensitivity and help to formulate policies of divergent cultural values.

  • It also enables us to investigate the consequences of adoption of a particular policy.

  • Most importantly, sociology provides self-enlightenment, offering groups and individuals an increased opportunity to alter the conditions of their own lives.

Developed by: